If you’re anything like me, and I bet you are, you like to save a buck when you can and want to know how to cut feed costs with fodder.
I’m here to tell you how I cut my feed costs by sprouting barley fodder and how to do it!
How to save money on feed by growing barley fodder.
It’s no secret that feed costs can get you down, quick. We have 24 laying hens, 15 meat chickens, 5 rabbits with two litters on the way, and 10 ducks.
Although this is often considerably fewer animals than many homesteads have, it’s still enough to keep our feed costs up and going.
Cutting feed costs with fodder
Barley fodder, a cereal grain, is one of the most nutritious sprouts and is full of essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. Growing fodder can be super easy and you don’t need too much room – some people grow their fodder in their living room, laundry room, or even kitchen!
Now, I try to be 100% “real” throughout my blog so I’m not going to sit here and tell you it’s the easiest thing in the world.
Is it easy? YES.
Can there be complications/problems? YES.
Can those complications be a real pain in the rear? YES.
But you’re in luck because I’m going to explain the complications I had and what I did to correct them.
That way, you can skip that step and get right to growing nutritious, hearty fodder for your barnyard beauties!
My simple fodder setup
I have a small shed with a window AC unit, a fan, and a grow light as seen above. To the left you’ll see shelves with trays on top. I purchased my 1020 trays from Bootstrap Farmer and I just love them. Recently I found them at a much cheaper price here. I plan to buy more trays without holes and will be purchasing these instead to save money.
They’re a perfect size and form perfect fodder pallets!
I also added two small picnic tables below the window/AC unit for more tray space when I need it. I have my barley seed right next to the trays for easy access. I’m well on my way to cut feed costs with fodder! Let’s continue.
Now, everyone who grows fodder will have different ideas on what’s right and wrong, what will work better and worse, etc. I’m here to tell you my experience, how I cut my feed costs, and you can take it from there!
You need trays, such as these perfectly sized and affordable 1020 Trays. You can purchase them with or without holes. I purchase the trays WITHOUT holes so that I could decide whether I wanted holes in them or not. You can also buy these great 1020 lids to pair with your sprouting trays to use for microgreens or starting seeds for your garden!
It turns out, I personally did not want or even need them for my setup. Some people use the “flood and drain” method; I do not. I tried it and it just didn’t work out for me so I moved on.
You need a water source. You’ll need to flood, rinse, and/or mist your fodder a couple times a day so it is convenient to have a sink or hose right next to your operation station.
Optional, you’ll want hydrogen peroxide, vinegar or bleach. Some folks use a very diluted form of water to rinse their seeds with for the first rinse. This is done in order to prevent mold growth.
I haven’t personally used these methods often, but I need to since I often battle mold living here in humid ole’ Florida. I’d start by trying the vinegar and use bleach as a last resort.
You don’t need much of any of these dilutions, just enough for that first soak and rinse to stunt mold growth.
You’ll need seed. The first time I bought my seed from a Hancock Seed near me. I got a 48lb bag of barley seed for $25.00. With shipping, it doubles that price so I ended up just driving over an hour whenever I need it (and it wasn’t even organic or non-GMO).
I’ve recently found an online seed store called True Leaf Market(mentioned above) that sells great, organic barley seed so I buy from there now! They also sell microgreens and sprouting
Last you’ll need a spot that will provide a consistent temperature of, ideally, 70 degrees according to what you’ll read on the internet. Since I live in Central Florida and it gets hot as hades here, I keep my fodder room at 73 degrees with a constant fan to circulate the air around. The suggested range is 60-75 degrees Fahrenheit.
Sprouting the fodder
Usually, when you read about sprouting fodder to cut feed costs, people refer to the measurements in weight. Personally, that’s always been a difficult way for me to relate to other’s fodder sprouting experiences so I’m going to talk to you in measurements such as cups instead of pounds.
- Soak 2 cups of seed overnight in a double 5-gallon bucket system with a capful of hydrogen peroxide, vinegar or bleach. The top bucket has little holes in it so that I can easily drain the water the next morning. If using bleach, it will be long gone by the time you feed it to your livestock, especially since it’s also heavily diluted.
- Add your seed to your 1020 tray and spread evenly. I sometimes cover my seeds for the first and last couple of days with a seed tray dome to keep moisture in.
This is optional and you don’t have to do it if you don’t want to. If you do cover them, you might consider one of the above-mentioned dilutions to prevent mold growth.
- Mist twice a day! I mist once in the morning and once at night so that the seeds stay moist, but not wet. Standing water means mold and bugs and Y’all don’t want to deal with either of those items, trust me!
- Each day, repeat the steps above. By the 7th-9th day you should have beautiful fodder that looks like this:
I harvest some of the greenery for my rabbits and throw the rest to my chickens. They all LOVE it!
In the beginning, I didn’t soak my seed with any dilution and it resulted in molding by the third day. Soaking your seed gives them a nice head start and kills any mold spores that may have been hanging out.
Along with the mold came bugs, mostly those little gnat looking fruit flies that hang out around rotted, moldy fruit. The molding came from first, not soaking my seed with a dilution of bleach, hydrogen peroxide or vinegar, and second, standing water!
I originally tried the flood and drain system but I just couldn’t get my setup to drain completely.
This doesn’t mean I couldn’t have gotten it to drain, but with my space, it would’ve been harder. I’m also not willing to put hundreds of dollars into my setup. I trying to cut feed costs with fodder while not spending a fortune doing so.
Flies and mold can also be a result of your seed drying out and then becoming wet again. If you notice flies, make sure to avoid letting your trays dry out and check your seed regularly in the beginning.
This was also an issue of mine during the flood and drain days because I was just assuming my seeds weren’t getting enough moisture. Since the trays were at a draining angle, the seeds at the bottom of the angle were too wet and the seeds at the top, too dry.
Something very important you need to think of, and that I never thought of, when choosing your sprouting location is air circulation. I added an oscillating fan in my shed for air circulation and it’s helped tremendously with the gnats and mold.
I do sometimes still have gnats, but a few of them won’t hurt anything. You just want to avoid an infestation!
What I’ll change in the future
Right now, my operation is a more hands-on approach than most others. I’m fine with that because I currently have the time to do it. Eventually, I’ll add automatic misters. I’ll also be adding a sink in the shed in the next few weeks so that cleaning the trays between cycles is easier.
You must always clean your trays after using them or it can promote mold growth. I clean my trays with a water and bleach solution and a scrub brush. Mold is a little pesty creature, isn’t it?
I think in the future I will start to just sprout the seed for my chickens, instead of growing it out the full 7-9 days. Currently, as I mentioned above, I harvest the greenery for my rabbits and give the root mat to the chooks.
If I just sprout the seed, I will let the seed be in trays for 3-4 days instead of 7-9 days. I’ll also add BOSS (black oil sunflower seeds) and other types of grain to sprout as a way to increase the nutrition of the tray.
Rule of thumb
2lbs of dry barley seed should turn into 6-8lbs of sprouted, green fodder.
You should be feeding each chicken 2-3% of their body weight of fodder.
There are 96 cups of seed in one bag of barley. At 2 cups per tray, a bag should make 48 trays. 48# of dry seed should yield 288-336 pounds of sprouted fodder at its finished product. When bought at $25 for 48 lbs, dry seed if roughly $0.52/lb. When sprouted it should be about $0.10/lb.
Now that your fodder excitement is in full force, head over to my Pinterest board “Fodder” for some great DIY setups. And remember, my way isn’t the only right way! It’s just what worked best for me.
Also, join the Facebook group “Fodder” for all your troubleshooting. That Facebook group is the only reason I figured it all out when starting my sprouting operation. Now get out there and sprout some fodder, Y’all! Also, you can read about cutting your feed costs HERE, too, with a whole new method!
Related to livestock:
- When to get more livestock
- 5 things to learn as a beginning homesteader
- Raising meat chickens for beginners